Pothwar Scrub Rangelands

Pothwar plateau includes Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Jhelum and Attock districts, consisting of an area of 1.01 million ha. Altitude varies from 300 to 1300 m. The soil of the area have developed from wind and water-transported material consisting of loess, old alluvial deposits, mountain outwash and recent stream valley deposits; some are derived from shales and sandstones. The climate is temperate in the northeast to sub-tropical semi-arid in the southwest. Annual rainfall varies from 250 mm in the southern part of Salt Range to over 1500 mm at Islamabad. Temperature extremes are 45˚C in June and often drop below freezing point during January.
Phulai Acacia modesta Garanda Carrisa spinarum Dhaman Cenchrus ciliaris
Dhak Butea frondosa Patakhi Gymnosporea royaliana Khabbal Cynodon dactylon
Kao Olea ferruginea     Khar Chrysopogon aucheri
Lahura Tecoma undulata     Chhimber Eleusine flagellifera
Mallah Zizyphus nummularia     Pharion  Digitaria bicornis
        Lumb Aristida depressa