Compact Plantation

Coniferous Forests

The natural high hill Coniferous Forests grow 765 metres above sea level between 320 6’ and 340 1’ North latitude and 720 47’ and 730 42’ East longitude. The average annual rainfall of the area of their occurrence varies from 1.01 to 1.45 meters. The forest areas are situated in Murree and Kahuta Tehsils of Rawalpindi and DG Khan Districts over an area of 199585 acres out of which 86169 acres are under Private Sector which are managed as “Guzara Forest”. Remaining 113416 acres are administered by Forest Department. An area of 30704 acres is under Coniferous / Scrub Forests in Transition Zone of Rawalpindi Districts i.e. Murree Forest Division. The main species are Chir, Fir and Spruce.These forests are the only source of soft wood supply in the province and the timber is mainly used for construction purposes. Crude resin can be obtained from Chir trees and distilled to produce rosin and turpentine oil. These forest also provide recreational facility.

Scrub Forests

The Scrub Forests consisting of natural low yielding thorny vegetation occur in Pothwar area of Rawalpindi Civil Division and also in the low dry hills of Mianwali, Khushab Districts. The sets owned scrub forests covering an area of 676335.75 acres are the least productive. In Guzara Forests the 82448 acres area is under Scrub Forest. However, their importance from the soil and water conservation point of view can hardly be over-emphasized. The chief species are Kau and Phulahi. 

Range Lands

Range Land is normally considered to be any naturally vegetated land in low rain fall areas grazed by domestic livestock and game animals. These are un-cultivated lands where, due to adverse conditions of soil, topography and particularly water deficiency, neither agriculture nor forests is economically possible. An area of 305319 acres of Range Management Forest Circle and D.G Khan Forest Division falls in this category, in public sector. Out of total Area 101998 acres of Chakwal Range Management Forest Division has been included in Scrub Forest, whereas 456 acres of D.G Khan Forest Division has been included in Range Management area statement. Remaining area of 202865 acres is with Bhakkar and D.G Khan Range Management Divisions.

Irrigated Plantations

These are avenues of trees planted along roadside, canalside and railside. Linear plantations over 47041.02 km are managed by the Forest Department. It consist of 10665.15, 2580.50  and 33795.37 km of road, rail and canal side plantations respectively. Tree species usually planted are Shisham, Kikar, Eucalyptus, Siris, Semal etc.  Some ornamentals such as Jacaranda mimosifolia (Jacaranda), Cassia fistula (Amaltas) Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar) etc are also planted.

Riverain Forests

The Riverain or Bela Forests covering 175702.03 acres occur in varied sized patches along different rivers of the Punjab.The original vegetation consists mostly of Obhan, Kikar and Frash etc.

Linear Plantations

These are avenues of trees planted along roadside, canalside and railside. Linear plantations over 47041.02 km are managed by the Forest Department. It consist of 10665.15, 2580.50 and 33795.37 km of road, rail and canal side plantations respectively. Tree species usually planted are Shisham, Kikar, Eucalyptus, Siris, Semal etc.  Some ornamentals such as Jacaranda mimosifolia (Jacaranda), Cassia fistula (Amaltas), Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar), etc are also planted.