Thal Desert Rangelands

It comprises of larger parts of districts of Mianwali, Bhakkar, Layyah, Muzaffargarh and some parts of the districts of Khushab, Sargodha and Jhang. The soil are alluvial with sandy  textured sand dunes covering 50 to 60 percent of the area. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures recorded in the tract are about 44˚C and less than 0˚C respectively. The average annual precipitation varies from  385 mm in the north-east to 170 mm in the south. Approximately three-fourth of annual rainfall is received during monsoon.
Tree Shrub Grass
Jand  Prosopis cineraria Kikri Acacia jacquemontii Dhaman Cenchrus ciliaris
Frash Tamarix aphylla Karir Capparis aphylla Khabbal Cynodon dactylon
Van Salvadora oleoides Phog Calligonum polygonoides Chhimber Eleusine flagellifera
Mesquite Prosopis juliflora     Malai Panicum antidotale 
        Lumb Aristida depressa
        Gorkha Elionurus hirsutus
        Khwai Cymbopogon jwarancusa